Certain simple precautions
taken up by the public can go a long way in making policing
more effective and reducing crime opportunities. Some of these
precautions, which can be adopted by the public, are listed
below. This is not an exhaustive list but an indicative one.
Fictitious offer of
Fictitious offer of funds to general public
through letters, e-mails, mobile phones, SMSs etc. To lend
credence to such offers, the communication is often sent
on/from letterheads/websites that purportedly signed by top
executives/senior officals of such authorities. While names
of the officials might be correct but their signatures are
The fraudsters initially ask potential
victims to deposit small sums of money for reasons, such
as, processing fees/transaction fees/tax clearance charges/
conversion charges, clearing fees, etc. The victims are
asked to deposit the money in a specified account in a
bank.The fraudsters often have multiple accounts in the
names of individuals or proprietary concerns in different
bank branches for collecting such charges. Genuine but
gullible account holders are persuaded by the fraudsters to
even lend their accounts for such fradulent activities on
the promise of receiving some commission.
The general public can report such incidents
immediately to the police /Cyber Cell /Economic offences
Wing or use online
information form to inform any such incidents.
The city police provide a free service to
the public. When you are going out of station, you can
inform to the local station the duration of your absence.
The beat constables will keep watch regularly.
You can also use the SMS facility to inform.
Send SMS " LOCKED HOUSE, NUMBER X, X Street . X locality.
Period FROM date X, Month X TO Date X, Month X " to 95000
99100 [Available presently for Chennai city residents
Rs.5,00,000/- from Bank and kept the cash bag with him in his
car. While he was proceeding towards Mount road, at traffic
signal one stranger told him to check his deflated rear tyre.
On this, he came out from the car leaving the cash bag in car,
and checked the air and found that everything is alright. But
in the mean time, another person has taken the cash bag from
the car and fled away (True Story)
Divert the attention by throwing small
currency on the floor and ask you whether those notes
belong to you. Don’t divert your attention for the small
currency especially when you are in bank and making huge
Some will approach you with a story that
their relatives are in hospital and they are likely to get
money from their village and ask for your account details
to credit their money.
Some follow you till your home and when you
stop midway to have tea or shopping, open your dickey to
steal your money.
Don’t alight from your vehicle immediately
after you are told about the problem in the tyres of car.
Whenever you withdraw huge amount from bank
better take somebody with you.
HOME DIVERSION BURGLARY
One individual will approach the victim and
occupy his/her attention while a second subject enters the
victim's home and steals cash, jewelry and silver.
Another home diversion techniques is for
perpetrators to come to a residence and ask for a drink of
water, use a bathroom, or use a telephone for an emergency
to gain entrance to a home. The subjects will then attempt
to divert the victim's attention while an accomplice
searches for valuables.
Tips: If an unknown subject comes to your home seeking
directions, the phone, the bathroom, etc., keep the subjects
outside the home and at least one locked door between you and
them. If they need water direct them to an outside faucet, if
they need to contact someone, offer to make the call for them.
Santhosh (victim) got an
email from alleged ICICI Bank that his account needs update.
When victim clicked on the link provided in the email (one
must never do this…!) it re-directs to fake ICICI bank Page.
As the Page is a look alike of ICICI bank Page, the unassuming
victim entered his username and password of the bank account
along with his details asked there. Within a span of ten
minutes, Rs.5,05,000 were withdrawn from his account by some
unknown persons in six transactions and the amounts were
transferred to various accounts in ICICI bank accounts across
What is Phishing?
Phishing is an attempt to criminally and
fraudulently acquire sensitive information, such as
usernames, passwords and credit card details, by posing as
a trustworthy site in an electronic communication. Most of
the online banks are common targets. Phishing is typically
carried out by e-mail or instant messaging, and often
directs users to enter details at a website, although phone
contact has also been used at times.
The best way to avoid
becoming a phishing scam victim is to use your best judgment.
No financial institution with any sense will email you and ask
you to input all of your sensitive information. In fact, most
institutions are informing customers that “We will never ask
you for your personal information via phone or email”.
Safety tips to avoid
When you receive emails
claiming to be sent by banking institution asking you to enter
your account details, DO NOT do so! Your bank already has your
details and clearly would not want them again.
Check if the email that you receive has your
name spelt correctly. Fraudsters simply try to guess your
name by your email address. DO NOT open emails that have
your name spelt incorrectly.
DO NOT respond to emails that seem like they
are sent from your bank. Some of the claims made in these
emails may be the following:
are to receive a refund
bank is trying to protect you from a fraud
bank needs some security and maintenance update on your
If you receive such email always check back
with your bank directly or speak to the customer service
representative of the bank.
NEVER enter your credit card details and
password in a website which you suspect is not genuine.
It is a good practice to type in the URL of
your bank yourself, or bookmark it if the URL is difficult
DO NOT follow links to a banking website
from another website or email.
Verify a website’s URL carefully before you
provide your login details on any web page. Fraudsters
create fake websites that have URLs closely resembling the
DO NOT share your account details, password,
or credit card details with anyone who you do not know or
Log in to your accounts regularly and look
for account transactions that you do not recognize.
DO NOT send your account details and/or
password over an email to anyone.
Now a days to have easier
methods of getting married, young generation register
themselves on various matrimonial sites. These sites enable to
find match to the needy people. It also saves the time from
going one place to another. But before registering onto these
matrimonial sites always check credentials of the site.
For choosing partner from the matrimonial
site first it is important to find out that whether that
site is registered or not.
How many people are aware of that site? That
can be done through by asking people or friends.
To find out the qualification it is
important to check the certificates. Sometimes wrong
qualification or job description is given. It is done to
attract the looker.
For job description find out the place and
period of working. It can be done by giving call or
visiting the office by surprise. If it is nearby then spend
some time to find out that whether that person is working
If the person is NRI:In such cases it
is difficult to find out the actual person. For that proper
research should be done. If it is inter religion, find out
the type of culture and living standard. Friends and
relatives can be good option for enquiring
Mr. Sankar is a retired
executive from a public sector undertaking received a mail
from an unknown person, Mr. Michael asking for my assistance
in retrieving five hundred million looted U.S. dollars for a
twenty-five percent reward. Excitement raced through him.
Sankar requested for more information. Second e-mail provided
him a phone number. An ‘attorney’ in the UK told him that he
would receive twenty installments of twenty-five million
dollars, deposited into my bank account biweekly. All he
needed to do was pay twenty-five thousand dollars in expenses
and up-front fees (advance fee).
Sankar patiently waits for
the booty, it doesn’t come. He calls up the the UK number
desperately only to hear Michael saying money is stuck in
Delhi Airport and he needs more money to get it released.
Unsuspecting Sankar sends some more money to the account
number provided by Michael. Sankar continues to wait for his
booty even today…..! Sankar is scammed.
Warning signs of a 419 Nigerian Advanced Fee Fraud Scam
A promise to share or transfer millions of
dollars to you for your help or participation.(Out
of 6 billion people in the world you were singled out as
this fortunate person, lucky you…!).
The e-mail or correspondence is marked "urgent,"
"top secret" or "highly confidential" and
demands you act immediately. (Time is commonly of
The sender claims to be an exiled Dignitary,
Cabinet Member, General, CEO, CFO, lawyer, doctor or the
heir of some other important person or top official to
gain your confidence. (The Grifter usually uses a
Hotmail, Yahoo, Netscape or other such free and anonymous
e-mail service to send you the message - not very Regal at
Claims to have obtained your e-mail address
"during a personal research on the Internet" or from
an unidentified "friend who was once on diplomatic
The proposal contains a seemingly unlikely
situation, i.e. overpaid millions on a contract, royal
money or assets frozen by a foreign government, an
inheritance, or money, gold or diamonds that need to
immediately be transferred or be lost forever.
Seeks an "honest foreign partner" to
help with them with their crisis situation. (As if
none exist or can be found in their own country).
States they are working with an unidentfied
"Security Company" or the "Central Bank of
Requests personal information from you, i.e.
your full name, bank account information and routing
numbers, home or business telephone and facsimile numbers,
or a copy of your letterhead.
Tips to Avoid 419 Advance
The best tip is to DELETE any mail
from a stranger which resembles the mails we described
Same mail may be forwarded to the service
provider’s mail ID like email@example.com,
firstname.lastname@example.org depending on the senders mail ID.
Similarly you can forward the mail before
you junk it to local police email ID if they have any
In case of losing the credit card, lodge a
complaint with the bank immediately. It will enable the
bank to announce it as 'hot card' as early as possible,
making it possible to nab the culprit. This will also
protect you from liabilities, which may be incurred using
the stolen card.
Do not write the PIN number on the card
Always check your monthly bank statements
for any suspicious transactions
A card's magnetic strip has the basic
details of the cardholder. But the card also comes with a
blank space for you to sign in. You must sign on the card
to avoid unauthorized use.
Better hang around when your card is being
Disable your credit card account if you are
not using it.
Do not store your personal and credit card
information on the computer
Never delay to report a lost credit card as
the consequences can be highly disastrous.
Thoroughly check the authenticity of the
firm, the website, or any other transactional society where
your money would be flowing through.
Parents should recognise
the benefits that the internet offers but should also be aware
of the potential dangers online.The naive and trustng nature
of children can make them an easy target for a variety of
dangers on the internet like bullying and
harassment,pornography,information theft and financial
fraud.However, if parents take the time to educate themselves
about technology and establish some simple safety rules, the
internet can become a very positive and educative place for
Some warning signs to
Changes in your child's behaviour such as
being very secretive or sudden changes in their interests,
problems with sleeping and so on.
The amount of time that your child spends on
the Internet, especially if this is late at night.
Your child becoming secretive or defensive
about his online activity and quickly changes the screen
when you enter the room
Encourage your child, to inform you
immediately if they are threatened, scared or made
uncomfortable by someone or something online.
Advice your child to be cautious about
believing what they read on the Internet, because it is not
always true or reliable.
Alert your child to be careful when they
visit chat rooms and keep out of chat rooms for adults
under all circumstances.
Instruct your child to make sure that the
firewall software is alway running when they use the
Internet connection. Under no circumstances must this be
Instruct your children not to give their own
or their friends names, addresses, phone numbers, school
names, or other personal information.
Instruct your children not to send any
picture of themselves, their parents or their friends to
anyone without your permission.
Instruct your children not to fill out forms
or questionnaires online in your absense or without your
Instruct your children not to enter areas of
website that have charge for services without your
Things to do if your
Child is a victim:
Take the child in to confidence, get the
information of the email ID from which such emails are
received, get the prints of the concerned emails along with
the full header.
Save the emails, do not delete it from the
inbox. Initially ,there is a tendency to delete immediately
when such type of emails are received. Don't do this. Save
all the emails beginning from the first one .
The ISPs normally preserve log details for a
very short duration, which may vary from fifteen days to
two months, do not delay in approaching the police.It may
result in evidence getting lost.
Submits email prints with 'full header'along
with the complaint to the police. Do not reply to unknown
Creation of Vulgur
various service providers allow creation of
personal profile, but unscrupulus elements can misuse this,
when the girl has a difference of opinion or a
misunderstanding with a male friend.The male friend or his
friends create a vulgar/obscene profile of the girl and
post it on such websites along with the phone number.
The girl may then receive obscene and
harassing phone calls from all over the world. In such a
case, enquire with the people who are calling to identity
the ID of the profile, that it can be removed by requesting
the website administrator.
Take a print of such a profile and submit to
THe service providers do not keep record for
more than two days, therefore if objectionable MMS
clippings are received; contact the police/cyber crime
Investigation Cell, immediately.
Whoever transmits obscene or Vulgar SMS/MMS
messages commits an offence, For e.g. If 'A' transmits to
'B' and 'B' to 'C' etc. then "A" & "B' had committed an
offence. So do NOT transmit any message that is vulgar.
Ensure your watchman is an able bodied
person. Do approach the local police to verify his
Surprise the watchman at wee hours to ensure
he doesn't sleep.
Organise night patrols in your community.
The local police will assist you if approached through the
Keep touch with the beat police constables
while they are coming to your area and keep them informed
of even minor incidences. This will prevent major crimes in
Install eBeat chip in at least one house in
the street. Residence can approach the local station to get
installed a eBeat chip in compound wall, for the nominal
payment. To know more about eBeat [Available presently for
Chennai city residents]
Don't allow strangers who claim to be
mechanics / messengers / sales people to enter, without
thoroughly checking their credentials. Train your watchman
also to do so.
Don't hesitate to report crime or suspicious
activities, Inform the local police .
If at all you have to allow them inside when
you are alone, call the watchman or a neighbour to stay
around till the work is completed
Inform without delay of any gambling
activities, pirated/ porno CD distribution, drug or illicit
peddling in your locality. Any hesitation will result in
increase of criminal elements in your locality
Remember. The more you deny temptation,
lesser will be the chances of being robbed.
Keep jewels, important documents and other
valuables in bank lockers. Bring them home only when
Don't keep valuables or money in the side
box of your parked two-wheeler.
Don't leave valuables or money in your Car
Ladies are advised to conceal their neck
jewels while traveling in public transportations and during
If you are coming out of the bank after
heavy withdrawals or out of a jeweler after purchase, be
alert of somebody trying to divert your attention; by
pointing out to dirt or waste on your person, spitting
betel nut on you or throwing some money on the street.
Keep your valuables or money safely tucked
away inaccessibly on your person while traveling in public
transportations. If you carrying them in a bag, keep the
bag close to your person in front of you.
Do not respond to people offering to assist
or sexual advances in public transportations. These are
some of the common diversionary tactics employed.
The safest will be to avoid traveling in
crowded transportations while carrying heavy cash or
The city police provide a free service to
the public. Whenever you are engaging the services of
Domestic Servants like Maid, Caretaker, Cook, Driver,
Office Boy or Watchman you can approach the local station
for verifying their antecedents [Available presently for
Chennai city residents].
While going shopping or anywhere please park
your vehicles in the vehicles parking lot.
Don’t keep vehicles in your house
compound without locking, during the night hours don't
park your vehicles out side your compound wall.
If your vehicle is equipped with an alarm
set it every time you exit the vehicle.
In case your vehicle is stolen, please
inform the local police station as early as possible. The
delay in informing will result in more crimes being
committed and increase the difficulty in tracing the
If you notice an unattended and unknown
vehicle parked for a day or more, inform the local police,
beat constables or CONTROL
When buying a used vehicle, compare the
Registration number, Engine number and Chassis number with
the RC book. Checkup with database of lost and found
vehicle in this website.
Try to park where there are lots of
people passing, good lightning and CCTV.
Awareness : The first, and probably most
important, component in self-defence is awareness:
awareness of yourself, your surroundings, and your
potential attacker’s likely strategies.
Use your sixth sense:“Sixth sense” “Gut
instinct” Whatever you call it, your intuition is a
powerful subconscious insight into situations and people.
All of us, especially women, have this gift, but very few
of us pay attention to it. Learn to trust this power and
use it to your full advantage. Avoid a person or a
situation which does not “feel” safe–you’re probably right.
Be alert when you are carrying a purse on
the street or in a store. Use a shoulder strap model and
keep it tucked between your body and your arm. Do not
dangle a purse by the straps or hold a clutch-style purse
just in the hand
Identity Theft is a recent
phenomenon. Globally, over 500,000 people are victims of this
crime each year. The best protection always is prevention.
Here are some tips to safeguard your good name:
BEWARE Any document that has personal
financial information on it can give an identity thief a
foothold into your life.
Put the charge slip copies in a safe spot
until your credit card bills arrive.
After you've reconciled your bill, shred
every statement, including credit card receipts, old bank
statements, medical statements, everyday bills and
pre-approved credit card offers.
Write clearly on all credit applications.
Consistently and completely fill in all credit and loan
applications using your full name, first, middle and last.
Every bill that comes to your house should be addressed
exactly the same.
Monitor your credit accounts carefully, so
you'll know if a bill's missing or unauthorised purchases
have been made.
Close out unused credit cards. Cutting them
up is not enough.
Limit the number of credit cards you carry.
The fewer cards you have, the easier it is to track them.
If you're moving, contact all your creditors
and update them of your address changes immediately. You
don't want credit information and new credit cards being
delivered to the wrong address.
If your credit card expires and you don't
receive a new one, call your creditor immediately.
Don't provide your credit card number to
anyone who contacts you through telephone solicitation.
Make sure any online credit card charges are
handled through a secure site or in an encrypted mode.
You'll know you're on a secure site if the web page on
which you conduct your transaction begins with 'https'
instead of the usual 'http'.
Only shop on websites that offer a privacy
policy. Know how your personal information will be handled.
Print out privacy policies, warranties, price guarantees
and other important information.
Be watchful of shoulder-surfers. At ATMs and
phone booths, thieves will stand close enough to see PIN
numbers punched in by users.